References used in compiling this information

Biggs, J. R. (Ed) (2013). Captive Management Guidelines for the Southern Cassowary Casuarius casuarius johnsonii. Cairns Tropical Zoo, Cairns. Available from‎

Bradford, M. G. and Westcott, D. A. (2010). Consequence of Southern Cassowary (Casuarius casuarius, L.) gut passage and deposition pattern on the germination of rainforest seeds. Austral Ecology, 35, 325-333.

Cooper, A., Lalueza-Foz, C., Anderson, S., Rambaut, A., Austin, J. and Ward, R. (2001). Complete mitochondrial genome sequences of two extinct moas clarify ratite evolution. Nature, 409, 704-707.

Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts (2010).
Significant impact guidelines for the endangered Southern Cassowary (Casuarius casuarius johnsonii) Wet Tropics population. Nationally threatened species and ecological communities EPBC Act policy statement 3.15. Australian Government, Canberra.

Goosem, S., (2002) Update of Original Wet Tropics of Queensland, Wet Tropics Management Authority, Queensland 4870.

Goosem, M., Moore, L. A., Byrnes, P. and Gibson, M. (2011). Mission Beach Road Research: Impacts on Cassowaries and other Fauna and Strategies for Mitigation. School of Earth and Environmental Science, James Cook University, Cairns. Available from

Latch, P. 2007. National recovery plan for the Southern Cassowary Casuarius casuarius

Johnsonii, Report to Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts,

Canberra. Environmental Protection Agency

Mack, A. L. and Jones, J. (2003). Low-Frequency Vocalizations by Cassowaries (Casuarius spp.). The Auk, 120, 1062-1068.

UNESCO World Heritage Centre (no date). “Wet Tropics of Queensland”.  Available from

Wet Tropics Management Authority (website, accessed January and February 2014 )

Wet Tropics Management Authority – Media Release February 2014

Whelan, C. J., Wenny, D. G. and Marquis, R. J. (2008). Ecosystem Services Provided by Birds. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1134, 25-60.

World of Knowledge Magazine (2013), Is the Cassowary a Living Dinosaur?, Issue 5, September 2013, 18-19

Additional information supplied by David Westcott (CSIRO) and Robert Kooyman.